With a population of 49,083 (2010), Pine Bluff is the county seat of Jefferson County. The second oldest settlement on the Arkansas River, Pine Bluff today is the trade, entertainment, recreation and health-care center for Southeast Arkansas.
Located in the heart of the rich Arkansas River Basin farming area, the community is a leading producer of cotton, soybeans, cattle, rice, poultry, timber and catfish. However, a diverse industrial base also exists.
The community affords varied cultural and recreational activities. One focal point is the Arts and Science Center for Southeast Arkansas, which provides a broad spectrum of exhibits and events. In 2001 the center received accreditation by the American Association of Museums, placing it among the nation's best. Among a variety of concerts and events, the Pine Bluff Convention Center hosts performances by the Pine Bluff Symphony Orchestra. And sportsmen and outdoor enthusiasts are drawn to a variety of parks, ball fields, championship golf courses and premier fishing waters.
Central to the community's role as a regional health-care center is the 471-bed Jefferson Regional Medical Center (JRMC). JRMC has been designated as a level 2 facility in the new statewide trauma system currently under development. Other hospital components include the Arkansas Cancer Institute, Jefferson Professional Centers I and II and JRMC Heart Center. Educational facilities in Pine Bluff are provided by four public school districts; numerous parochial schools; the two-year Southeast Arkansas College and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff.
Pine Bluff is also known for its people and is widely recognized as a caring community. Residents annually contribute thousands of volunteer hours to charitable, social service, and civic improvement organizations, as well as supporting these organizations financially. And the United Way consistently meets its annual goal of more than $1 million.